Thursday, November 22, 2018

The Bigelow Foundation and Angela Thompson Smith

Reality Denied

I was recently re-reading John B Alexander's book "Reality Denied." (2017. Anomalist Books, San Antonio, Texas.) In chapter one he relates his experiences working for Robert Bigelow's National Institute for Discovery Science (NIDS.) On page four, Alexander writes of Bigelow "...NIDS was not his first foray into supporting PSI research. For a time, Angela Thompson had done work at the Bigelow Foundation..." I wondered just who Angela Thompson was, so conducted some research.

Angela Thompson Smith

Dr Thompson Smith is listed as a member of the advisory board of the Exopolitics Institute.  Here, I found:

"Dr Angela Thompson Smith's primary qualifications were in nursing and social work in the U.K. She gained her BSc in Psychology at the University of Wales, in Cardiff; her M.S. at the Facility of medicine of Manchester University, England and later, her PhD. in Psychology with Saybrook University, San Fransisco, CA. Dr Smith continued her education with united Way of Southern Nevada/UNLV where she completed the certificate in Non-profit management.

Dr Smith has a wide experience of research and management having worked as a research analyst at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) and, later as a staff member with the Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR) Laboratory, at Princeton University, New jersey. In the southwest, Dr Smith became Research Coordinator with the Bigelow Foundation and taught professional; development courses through the University of Nevada, Adult Continuing Education program.

Following five years as a staff member of PEAR (1987-1992) Dr Smith was employed as Research Coordinator with the Bigelow Foundation (1992-1994.) Prior to The Bigelow Chair in Consciousness Studies at The University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV), before the Consciousness Research laboratory at UNLV, and before the National Institute for Discovery Science (NIDS) in Las Vegas, there was the Bigelow Foundation. Incidentally, according to the Secretary of Nevada business name search,  NIDS is still listed as an active business name as of 2018.

In the past ten years she has worked as a private contractor for industry, businesses around the United States and abroad. Dr Smith was ordained as a shamanic practitioner in 2010 following decades of training and experience.

Dr Smith was also trained in remote viewing (RV) by two of the ex Stargate remote viewers, Paul Smith and Lyn Buchanan. She now works through Mindwise Consulting as an RV trainer, consultant and researcher.

As well as publishing scientific articles in peer- reviewed scientific journals such as Cortex and the Journal of  Humanistic Psychology, Dr Smith has published four books and is working on three more including Voices from the Cosmos that she is co-authoring with C B Scott-Jones. Voices from the Cosmos is based on Scott's PEACE Initiatives plus as series of interviews with selected on-Earth and off-Earth ET races that were commissioned in 2006 which give important insights into ET sociology, psychology and society."

On another site, I found the following:

Angela M Thompson Smith was born 30 April 1946 in Bristol, England and her maiden name was Tanzell. She married, then later divorced, Ralph Thompson, then remarried to David A Smith in 1997.

Education: Cardiff University BSc 1978; Manchester University MS 1986; Saybrook Graduate School, PhD 2001.

- 1978-1981. Educator, researcher and writer. Manchester University Medical School, Manchester, England. Research Nurse
- 1985-1988. Robert Wood Johnston Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, researcher.
- 1988-1992. Princeton University, Princeton NJ. Researcher.
- 1992-1994. The Bigelow Foundation, Las Vegas, NV. Research Coordinator.
- 1998 - 2000. Gaining the Edge Inc. Sunnyvale, CA.
- Inner Vision Research institute, Las Vegas, NV. Executive director.
- 2002-2005. Nevada Remote Viewing Group, Boulder City, Director.
- 2003-2005. Boulder City Seniors center, Boulder City. Executive Director.


- "Remote Perception: Out-of-Body Experiences, Remote Viewing and Other Normal Abilities." Hampshire Roads Publishing. Charlottesville, VA. 1998.

- "Diary of an Abduction: A scientist probes the enigma of her alien contact." Hampton Road Publishing. Charlottesville, VA. 2001. Here she explores the story of her own encounter with the paranormal.

Peer reviewed journal articles

Elsewhere, I found the following relevant peer reviewed journal articles:

Thompson, A M. (1986.) "Adam-a severely deprived Columbian orphan: A case report." Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry." 27,5, 689-695.

Thompson, A M. (1993.) "Vasily Vasilyevich Nalimov: Russian Visionary." Journal of Humanistic Psychology 33, 3, 80-96.

Thompson, A M and Smart, J L (1993.) "A prospective study of the development of laterality: Neonatal laterality in relation to perineatal factors and maternal behavor." " Cortex 26, 649-649.

Thompson, A M (1993.) "Approaches: serial position effects in the psychological literature." In B J Dunne, Y H Dolbyas & R G Jahn (1993.) Series position effects in random event generator experiments." Journal of Scientific Exploration, 8, 2, 197-215.

More current information

Dr Thompson Smith currently runs an organisation named MindWise Consulting based in Boulder City, Nevada. The business offers "Life Coaching services including personal, occupational and transformational coaching such as remote viewing training and consulting services."

Other books of hers, are:

- "The Shire." (2006. Publish America.Baltimore, MD.)
- "River of Passion." (2007. Publish America.Baltimore, MD.)
- "Voices from the Cosmos." (co-author Scott-Jones) 2014. Headline Books.
- "SEER: 30 years of Remote Viewing Cases." (2016.)

The Bigelow Foundation

What was the Bigelow Foundation and what did it do?

"The Foundation carried out multiple projects including follow-ups to the Bigelow funded Roper Report on Unusual Personal Experience; seminars on alternative health and collaborative research in Las Vegas, central Nevada and Alabama; research assistance to researchers such as Budd Hopkins in New York, and a radio show Area 2000: the fore runner to Art Bell's Coast to Coast program. Area 2000 featured many experts from the fields of ufology, alternative health, alternative energy and parapsychology and ran through early 1994." [Source click here ]

In a Mysterious Universe article dated 13 January 2010 Amelia Crater detailed Robert Bigelow's interests and activities regarding UFOs and the paranormal. In part the article read:

"One person who had an early glimpse of Bigelow's anomalous career is Dr Angela Thompson Smith. She has written about her experience at the Bigelow Foundation in 1992 after she was hired as a liaison between the PEAR Institute at Princeton and the Bigelow Foundation. She ended up moving to Nevada and was on hand at the inception of many of the Bigelow projects discussed in this article..." Unfortunately, the link given to her writing on the Foundation no longer works, and a check through the Wayback machine website, failed to find the piece.

On another site I found a PDF file which listed a comprehensive bibliography of eight decades of consciousness research. Among the bibliography, I found:

Thompson, Angela (1992.) Medium survey, responses and case history. 15 December 1992. Conducted at the Bigelow Foundation.

Business search

I went to the Nevada business search website and found that there was an entity, Nevada business ID number 19921073542 listed there, with the name of "The Bigelow Foundation Inc." Its status is listed as "Active" and its "Type" is a "Domestic corporation." The filing date with the Nevada Secretary of State was shown as 12 April 1992. Like many of Robert Bigelow's companies, the registered agent shown was one Rickie L Golightly. Robert T Bigelow is President, Treasurer and Director. Here is an image of the relevant form:

Like all of Bigelow's business name registrations, there is nothing to tell you the nature of "The Bigelow Foundation, Inc."

Updated: 28 November 2018

1. Dean Radin:

Dean Radin is a parapsychologist who holds degrees in Electrical Engineering and a PhD in Psychology. On a website it mentions that he investigated PSI phenomena at Princeton University; the University of Edinburgh and the University of Nevada, Boundary Institute and Internal Research Corporation. The website states that one of the sources of his funding was the Bigelow Foundation of Las Vegas.

In 2004 Radin published a paper, titled "Electrodermal Presentiments of Future Emotions" in the Journal of Scientific Exploration Volume 18, volume 2 pp 253-273. The paper was based on a series of experiments which he conducted between 1996 and 2000. In its acknowledgement it states that "Experiment 1 was supported by the Bigelow Foundation of Las Vegas, Nevada." Part of the early work was published in a 1997 paper titled "Unconscious perceptions of future emotions. An experiment in presentiment." Journal of Scientific Exploration Volume 11, pp 163-180.

I also found a website where there is a CV for Radin.  Under the term "Research grants" it states that between "1993-1996 Bigelow Foundation, Las Vegas, Nevada. Research area: Mind-matter interaction."

2. The UFO Research Coalition:

On the website of the "Anomaly Archives" I found part of the story of the UFO Research Coalition. Here it states that in 1993 The Fund for UFO Research joined MUFON and CUFOS to form the Coalition to conduct major projects, " the suggestion of Las Vegas builder Robert Bigelow who promised major funding."

It continues that in 1994 "...disagreement over control of the UFO Research Coalition lead to a complete break with Robert Bigelow."

Update: 15 December 2018

On the Hathaway Research International website, there appears, under the area of "our past research projects" two interesting statements:

1. "Field investigations of anomalous aerial phenomena for private research institute." The dates given for this are 1992-1994. This was exactly the time frame when the Bigelow Foundation was active in this area.

2. "Field investigations of anomalous aerial phenomena for private research institute." This was date 1997, the time frame of National Institute for Discovery Science, also Bigelow funded.

Update20 May 2020

Angela Thompson Smith (ATS) appeared as a guest on a May 2020 edition of Erica Luke's "UFO Classified." Part of the discussion was about her association with Robert Bigelow. The following are my notes from that appearance.

ATS - In 1992 I went to Las Vegas and was dating a man named David Smith, who turned out to be the brother of Paul Smith - the remote viewer. Still at PEAR but this was winding up. Doing my PhD at the time. I wrote letters to various people looking for my next employment. Stanley Krippner knew someone who knew Bigelow. Brenda Dunne got a phone call from Bigelow who was sounding Brenda out about me. I went to California - PhD - was at a school party and a guy said he was a head hunter. Said he'd fill me in on the job. So my job interview was conducted on the steps outside the party. 

Then I went to Las Veags in the summer of 1992. Met Robert Bigelow at a conference - he showed me around and told me of his ideas. When people learned I was talking to Robert Bigelow I became the golden girl - people looked to Bigelow for funding. Moved to Las Vegas in the fall of 1992 - Research Coordinator for Bigelow. It was an adventure and new. Really good move.

Robert Bigelow wanted to build a device to detect UFOs. David Smith took the project on. Certain freqencies used. Frequency from work done by Hal Puthoff.

Erica asked ATS what were ATS' impressions of Bigelow?

ATS - My perception was that he was highly intelligent; but had a short attention span. When he came to my office, he would jump from one concept to another. Very fascinating individual. Very focussed. When he got an idea he ran with it. I was there pre NIDS. He was kind hearted.

I met a lot of people who came to talk to Robert Bigelow. He did fund some people, crop circle research and UFOs. I was there two years. When I left his employee I didn't see him for years. It was at a joint conference SSE/IRVA [2018? - KB] and he offered group tour of his facility. I went up to him and he remembered me. He always reminded me of Tesla, similar kind of personality.

EL - Who was he involved with pre NIDS?

ATS - Group of 8-9 folks. John Alexander and Hal Puthoff were the two I was mainly involved with.

EL - Did you ever meet Kit Green?

ATS - No, I never did. Saw him once at a conference but did not speak to him.

One of my main jobs was fielding inquiries. Assembling a library. Preparing a database of reprints and projects. We also had a radio program. Linda Moulton Howe and George Knapp read the news. Summer, June 19993 , show called "Area 2000." Every two weeks for 1.5-2 hours. My job was to find material for Linda and George to read on air. After six months Robert Bigelow lost interest and the show closed. The very first show was John Alexander speaking about his interests. July 4th.

Robert Bigelow once sent me to Lake Gunderson, supposedly a hot bed of UFO activity. Told me to go find a policeman and interviuew him about cattle mutilations. Fiff )phonetic) Alabama police officer. Ted Oliphant.

Cattle mutliations was one area which Robert Bigelow and I disagreed on. I found information about new laser research and thought cattle mutilations was human related. He disagreed. I did write this upm in one of my books "Diary of an Abduction." 2001, but now out of print.

Also with Robert Bigelow, I had a paper filing system. Large collection of papers. Set up a library on anomalous topics for Robert Bigelow. Topics of interest included parapsychology; the after-life, reincarnation, UFOs.

Saturday, November 17, 2018

A catalogue of UAP related "fragments" which have been analysed.


In a blog post dated September 27, 2018, titled "Material of Interest Magnesium-Zinc_Bismuth" TTSA stated that "Over the last three months, To The Stars Academy has collected seven pieces of material, from multiple sources, to study for the ADAM research project."

During a presentation at the CUN Rome 27 October 2018 meeting, a slide shown by Luis Elizondo, and titled "What is happening now with TTSA? Collection and analysis of material is ongoing" featured 12 images.

Do we already know of any of these samples?

Number 1.

The closest match I could find was the round disc like item in the image below. This is the complete collection of material sent to Art Bell in 1996.

Number 2.

In a video clip on the TTSA website blog, the image I have labelled number 2 is shown on a screen behind TTSA members, at 1minute 3 seconds. The full screen view shows what appears to be a set of four unwrapped samples, rather than the samples themselves.

Number 4.

Is the Tiffin, Ohio Ed's samples, from 2003.

Number 6.

@Jay09784691 twitter 6 November 2018 suggests that this image shows a test tube containing an "implant." This also featured on a TTSA video clip at one point.

Number 7.

Is one of the fragments which an anonymous individual sent to the late Art Bell in 1996, which was said to have come from Roswell.

Number 10.

The closest match to this image is a fragment from 1972, another "Ed" from Ohio.

Number 11

Is the 1985 (some say 1987) Bob White fragment.

A new catalogue

In trying to answer the question as to whether or not we had previously seen the fragments shown in the TTSA slide, I looked around for a list or catalogue of such material, said to have come from a  UAP. Surprisingly, I couldn't find any such list or catalogue. So, I have compiled a catalogue of my own,which in version one runs to 34 events. I welcome corrections, additions etc.Please send these to  I am currently preparing a PDF copy of the catalogue, and then will look to host it on someone's website.

Compiled by Keith Basterfield
Version 1: 17 November 2018
Over the years, there have been a number of individuals who have come forward submitting “fragments” which they have alleged, are associated with sightings of Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP.) In more recent times To The Stars Academy (TTSA) has initiated the A.D.A.M. project to collect and analyse such items.
In attempting to follow and understand the discussions on various “fragments,” I have been hampered by a lack of a centralised list, or catalogue of such material.

The purpose of this preliminary catalogue is to take a first pass at bringing together the diverse accounts of physical “fragments” which are scattered throughout the UAP literature.
The catalogue entries do not include:
  • “fragments” which have reportedly come from within the human body, i.e. so called “alien implants”
  • “fragments” found in crop circles; stains on clothing of abductees; soil samples; liquid samples or samples of vegetation; or pancakes.
Instead, the catalogue focuses on samples of materials said to have been ejected by/dropped from UAP, or have been found after a UAP sighting.
Catalogue format
Each entry has seven sections:
  1. Location of the UAP sighting – Location.
  2. The date of the sighting – Date.
  3. The reported link between the object found and the UAP sighting – Link.
  4. A description of the item found – Specimen description.
  5. Details of any analysis (es) conducted – Analysis.
  6. Whether or not there are any images/photographs of the sample – Image.
  7. Reference(s) for the information above – Reference(s).
This is a work in progress, with version 1 simply being a starting point. Information references provided here may not yet tell the full story of any individual sample. I welcome corrections; additional sources etc. Please forward these to

1. Location: Aurora, Texas, USA.
2. Date: 17 April 1897.
3. Link: A UAP is said to have sailed over the public square and collided with a windmill, exploding into pieces. A re-investigation was conducted in 1973, by Journalist W Case and McDonnell Douglas aircraft company personnel. Fragments found by Case et al.
4. Sample description:
5. Analysis:
By: McDonnell Douglas aircraft company personnel.
Conclusion: 83% aluminium; 16% Ca; zinc with possible traces of manganese and copper. Could have originated with post 1908 common aluminium alloys.
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Holliday, J E. McDonnell, report on the Aurora case. Unpublished. 13 August 1973. On site investigators were Ronald, A and Gurney, N J (12 May 1973.) Cited in Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of Unexplained Aerial Objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Explanation, Volume 12, number 3, pp359-375.

1. Location: Ubatuba, near Sao Paulo, Brazil.
2. Date: 1933 or 1934.
3. Link: Story emerged in 1957. Witnesses reported seeing a disc which exploded, showering bright, metallic fragments. A few fragments were recovered.
4. Sample description 1:
Bright, metallic fragments.
5. Analysis 1:
a. By Dr Luis Barbosa (Brazil)
Conclusion: Major component – highly pure magnesium.
b. By Dr Peter Sturrock (USA)
c. By French laboratories including Prof Lorin, Oray University.
Conclusions for b and c: Magnesium and magnesium oxide with very small amounts of aluminium, calcium and iron.
The above information is from Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of Unexplained Aerial Objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Explanation, Volume 12, number 3, pp359-375.
The following information is from Clark, J. “The UFO Encyclopaedia” Volume 2. Apogee Books. Detroit. pp 353.
Sample description 2:
Sighted by Dr Olavo T Fontes 1957
·         Three pieces
·         Metallic looking
·         Dull grey colour
·         Irregular surfaces
·         Surface of all samples covered with scattered areas of white material.
Analysis 2:
Via Fontes. As set out in Physical evidence” APROB March 1960, 1, 3.
By: Mineral Production laboratory. Chemist Luisa Maria A Barbosa.
Methods: Chemical, spectrographic and x-ray tests.
·         Magnesium of high degree of purity
·         Chemist Barbosa spectrographic analysis –“not even the so-called trace elements usually detected were apparent.”
·         Chemist Elson Teixeira – second spectrographic analysis.
b.      Brazilian army did tests.
c.       Laboratory of crystallography did additional x-ray diffraction tests. One sample density 1.8666; whereas pure magnesium is 1.741.
d.      The testing procedure destroyed one of the three samples.
Analysis 3: As reported in the APRO Bulletin, Jul/Aug 1970 pp 1, 5.
By: APRO via Walter Walker Metallurgical Engineer, University of Arizona.
Methods: Microstructural studies; x-ray diffraction analysis; microstructural studies; dislocation etch-pit studies.
  • Directionally solidified castings
  • “Nowhere in our present technology is there a use for oriented, cast, coarse-grained material such as observed in this study.”
Analysis 4: 1968. As described in Craig, R. 1995. “UFOs: An insider’s view of the official quest for evidence.”  University of North Texas. Denton, Texas.
By: Roy Craig, physical chemist with Condon Committee. Got piece from APRO.
Tested at National Office Laboratory, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division.
Other tests at Dow Chemical’s Metallurgical Laboratory came to the same conclusion.
Methods: Unstated.
“Claimed UFO fragment is not nearly as pure as magnesium produced by known earthly technology prior to 1957…”
6. Images: In Craig 1995.
7. References:
1. “APRO metal extra-terrestrial?” NICAP Special Bulletin, May 1960:3.
2. “APRO’s new finding on Ubatuba magnesium.” APROB Jul/Aug 1970: 1, 5.
3. Craig, R. 1995. “UFOs: An insider’s view of the official quest for evidence.” University of North Texas. Denton, Texas. p 136 and chapter 8.
4. “Physical evidence” APROB March 1960, 1, 3.
5. Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of Unexplained Aerial Objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Explanation, Volume 12, number 3, pp359-375.

1. Location: San Antonio, New Mexico, USA.
2. Date: 16 August 1945.
3. Link: Jose Padilla (aged 9) and Remigo Baca (7) found a gouge in the earth and a circular object at the end of it. They picked up an artifact. Was in Remigo’s possession for a long time, then Padilla’s for one year (in a house in San Antonio.) Two samples given to Frontier Analysis Ltd. By MUFON, in October 2015.
4. Samples description:
a. A piece of thin, shiny material, which could unfold itself when folded. Sample not available.
b. Two pieces of metal from the inside wall of the crashed object.
5. Analysis of b:
By: Frontier Analysis Ltd. 2015.
Methods: Microscopic examination; infrared analysis; Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP)/Mass spectrometer (MS); isotopic ratio analysis.
·         The two samples have identical compositions – aluminium primarily alloyed with copper and silicon
·         They compare with cast aluminium in the 3XXX X series – these alloys have wide use in engine crank cases; gas and oil tanks etc.
·         Isotopic ratios for nickel, copper and zinc compare to terrestrial values.
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Technical service response number UT090. Frontier Analysis Ltd. P A Budinger, dated 31 October 2015.

1. Location: Roswell, New Mexico, USA
2. Date: 1947.
3. Link: Science journalist Andrew Von Retyi was told that NASA was in possession of physical evidence.
4. Sample description:
“Odd metallic-and-plastic-like material”
5. Analysis:
By: (1974). ‘Dr Cris.’ Polish biophysicist and engineer at NASA contractor.
Method: Electron microscope.
·         Outer part of metallic material was very smooth and shiny
·         Microscope – small pyramidal structures in nanometre range
·         “The metallurgical experts found alloys that could only have been made in weightless conditions”
·         Appeared to have been made in early 1950’s
·         “Foamed metals didn’t exist then.”
·         Melting point greater than 2000 degrees C
·         “Foil seemed to possess a ‘memory.’”
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Good, T. 2007 “Need to know.” Pegasus Books. NY. P61.

1. Location: Roswell, New Mexico, USA.
                2. Date: 1947.
3. Link: On 24 March 1996 sample taken to the International UFO Museum and Research Centre. Source reported to be from a GI at the Roswell crash.
4. Sample description:
·         Few inches long
·         Twisted
·         Roughly triangular with a large hole in the Centre
·         Thin material
·         Raised lines on it.
5. Analysis:
By: New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico. Chris McKee.
Methods: Not stated.
·         Copper and silver
·         Traces of sodium, aluminium, silicon, iron, chromium, sulphur and chlorine
·         McKee pointed out that the sample had not been cleaned prior to testing so elements could be from soil.
A Utah based artist Randy Fullbright claimed that the fragment was a piece of jewellery scrap from his studio. Miller Johnson of the RUFOMARC compared samples from the studio with the fragment and concluded Fullbright was correct.
6. Image: No.
7. Reference: Baker, A. 1997. “UFO Sightings.” TV Books. New York. Pp73-75.

1. Location: Between San Mateo Mountains and Sierra Blanca, West of Roswell, New Mexico, USA.
2. Date: 1947.
3. Link: In April 1996, Art Bell and Linda Moulton Howe, received a series of five typed letters from an anonymous source, plus two shipments of metal pieces through the post, reportedly about a crash at Roswell.  The letters were postmarked South Carolina. The source stated that the account came from his grandfather’s diary; and the pieces from a box belonging to his grandfather.
4. Specimen description:
a. From the second letter – several pieces square cut. Grey metal.
b. From the third letter – six pieces of metal different from the first batch. Said to have come from the external outside of the crashed disc. Layered metal.
5. Analyses:
(A) a. several pieces square cut. Grey metal.
By: Scientist at major Midwestern University
Methods: scanning electron microscope. Energy dispersive spectroscopy.
Conclusions: Greater than 99% aluminium of normal density
b. Two pieces of metal different from the first batch
By: Scientist at major Midwestern University
Method: Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS.)
Conclusions: shiny side contained greater than 95% magnesium; 2-3% zinc, layers – Mg and small Zn separated by thin layers of high bismuth content. Thin, wavy layers of bismuth 1-4 microns think; the Mg/Zn layer was 100-200 microns thick. 26+ alternating layers.
(B) By: Eric Hauri PhD, Ion microprobe technician, Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC. 20 July 1996.
Methods: Unknown.
·         “The Bi-Mg sample gave count rates of positive magnesium ions, which were enhanced sixty times more than in the pure magnesium metal standard.”
·         11% more Mg26 in the sample but not outside terrestrial range.
(C) Sample of the bismuth-magnesium-zinc material.
By: Hal Puthoff, EarthTech International on 7 January 1999.
Methods: Not stated in reference.
Conclusions: Linda Moulton Howe posed a series of questions to Puthoff. Howe states that a couple of months later the sample was returned but no definitive answers to her specific questions were given.
An aside. Howe states that she contacted – Director of National Sciences at MIT; National Science Foundation; metallurgists at Sandia National Laboratories; aerospace and exotic metal manufacturers; and “No-on had any knowledge of such a layered material.”
(D) By: Hal Puthoff, EarthTech International in 2012.
Methods: Unknown.
Conclusions: No interesting/anomalous outcomes in tests involving fields. Bi channels of the size seen in the sample layered between Mg layers of the size seen in the sample closely match a waveguide structure that permits sub-wavelength THz (terahertz) signals to propagate freely.
6. Image: Yes.
Howe, Linda Moulton Earthfiles website.

1. Location: Roswell, New Mexico, USA.
2. Date: 1947.
3. Link: On 4 July 1997 at Roswell, New Mexico, Dr Russell VernonClark announced test results, on a sample given to Dr. Roger Leir in August 1995, by an individual who stated they were pieces of a disc from the 1947 Roswell crash.
4. Sample description:
·         1-1.5 inches across and 5/8 inches thick
·         Frontal curvature – curves on two levels
·         Temperature discolouration.
5. Analysis:
By: Dr Russell VernonClark, chemist
Methods: Inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry; secondary ion mass spectroscopy.
Conclusions: significant variations from normal isotopic composition found on Earth; extra-terrestrial in origin; manufactured. Specifically:
Nickel isotopes – Ni60 26.1%; Ni61 1.13%; natural abundance on Earth. Ratio is about 23:1. In the sample the ratio is 5:1.
Zinc isotopes – Zn64 48.6%; Zn66 27.9% natural abundance on Earth. Ratio is 7:4. In the sample ratio is 4:9.
Silver isotopes – Silver107 and Silver109. Ration on Earth is 1:1. In the sample 1:2.
Germanium isotopes – Germanium72 isotope – 94% of in sample. Natural terrestrial is only 27%.
Composition of material is greater than 99% silicon.
6. Images: Yes.
7. Reference:
“Artifact analysis by Dr Russell Vernonclark.” CNI news O S Culbern.
1.       The testing was arranged by television producer Christopher Wyatt.
“VernonClark stands by unearthly fragment conclusion. But VernonClark of the US San Diego acknowledged Friday that he cannot be 100 percent certain… He had been quoted then as saying of the fragment: “It is impossible for it to be from Earth.” But on Friday VernonClark insisted that he had been misquoted. “I cannot imagine my having said that,” he said…”In retrospect, with 20-20 hindsight, I would have preferred to have more work done (on the sample before releasing conclusions) but I stand by my conclusions…”
3.       1997. CNI News website, Michael Lindemann, 1997, as cited by
States that Vernonclark was employed as an Environmental Health and Safety specialist in the chemistry department UCSD, with a PhD in chemistry gained in 1993. His Cv is said to show publication of eight scientific papers since 1993. He states that there was a second independent set of tests undertaken by an unnamed organisation which showed roughly the same unusual isotopic ratios.
CNI News had contacted a number of scientists including at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and the California Institute of Technology : “…all of them agreed on two things..the findings, if true, would be astounding..and the findings were very unlikely to be true.”
“Other scientists when contacted by reporters, said that the isotopic values described by VernonClark, while not natural, could easily be produced in a university laboratory.”
Journalist John Fleck in an Albuquerque Journal article quoted a University of Kentucky chemist Bob Toreki who said “You can do it here.”
Kevin Randle interviewed VernonClark by telephone “…he said it could be done so that the isotopic ratios, while not naturally occurring, could be produced in a lab. He added that it was an expensive proposition.”
“Other scientists suggested there were huge mistakes in the original testing. They pointed out that one of the elements Germanium-75, a radioactive isotope has a very short half-life and would decay into other elements in less than a day.”
“In the ten years that follow, there has been nothing more about this. No reports from other labs.”

1. Maury island, Washington State, USA.
2. Date: 21 June 1947.
3. Link: Witness reported six large flat doughnut shaped objects. One descended, there was a dull explosion heard and sheets of light, thin material came from the object. At the same time witnesses were showered with hot, dark fragments.
4. Sample description:
Hot, dark fragments.
5. Analyses:
a. Military and FBI “analysis of the fragments shows them to be from a Tacoma slag mill.”
b. Ray Palmer and Kenneth Arnold published an analysis – Calcium, iron, zinc and titanium. Also aluminium, manganese, copper, magnesium and silicon, nickel, lead, strontium and chromium. Traces of silver, tin and cadmium were reported.
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of Unexplained Aerial Objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Explanation, Volume 12, number 3, pp359-375.

1. Location: Plains of San Augustin, New Mexico, USA. (alternative spelling is Agustin)
2. Date: July 1947.
3. Link: Chuck Wade visited the site and found the fragment. Submitted 2014 to Paul Garver, ASD Mufon NM. Garver sent it to MUFON HQ then to Frontier Analysis Ltd., who received it on 27 March 2014.
4. Sample description:
·         Garver divided it into two parts “A” and “B”
·         Frontier Analysis designated “I-beam A.”
·         Weight 0.8337 grams
·         3.7mm thick
·         “I-beam” shape.
5. Analysis of “I-beam A.”

By: Frontier Analysis Ltd.

Methods: ICP-MS and ICP-AES elemental analysis; infrared analysis; microscopic analysis.
  • Consists mostly of aluminum coated with very small amounts of aluminum oxide corrosion
  • Greater than 97% aluminium  was alloyed with small amounts of magnesium, silicon and possibly iron
  • This alloy is in the 6000 series of International Alloy Designations system – many commercial uses
  • Internet search reveals many companies who manufacture I-beams of three aluminium grades of various sizes
  • Isotopic analysis on nickel, copper and gallium consistent with terrestrial values.
6. Images: Yes.
7. References:
1. MUFON CMS case file is 52614.
2. Technical service response number UT086. Frontier Analysis Ltd. P A Budinger. Dated 22 August 2014.

1. Location: Plains of San Augustin, New Mexico, USA (alternative spelling is Agustin)
2. Date: Circa 1947.
3. Link: Chuck Wade visited the site and located a number of metal fragments and one sample of plastic-like material. Sample received by Frontier Analysis Ltd. 6 June 2005 via Brian Boldman.
4. Sample description:
Eleven pieces in all. Six were pliable foil-like metal; one was semi-pliable foil-like metal; one not pliable metal; one semi-pliable foil-like metal’ one plastic-like material; and one not pliable foil-like metal.
5. Analysis:
By: Frontier Analysis Ltd.
Methods: Infrared analysis. Geiger counter.
·         No radiation beyond normal background
·         Plastic identified as polyethylene
·         Six samples are speculated to be aluminium foil
·         Four other samples are thicker – not related to aluminium foil. “Their source remains unknown.”
·         Isotopic ratio tests cannot be done due to aluminium having only one isotope
·         Note: “The metal samples have been examined by other laboratories using energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, elemental analysis.”
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Technical service response number UT049. Frontier Analysis Ltd. P A Budinger dated 17 May 2006.

1. Location: 100 feet South-east of main Roswell 1947 “crash debris field”, New Mexico, USA.
                2. Date: July 1947.
3. Link: Frank Kimbler visited the site and located a fragment in 2014. Sample received by Frontier Analysis Ltd. on 23 May 2014.
4. Sample description:
·         Fragment measured about 11 X 5 X 9 x7mm and 1.42mm thick
·         Weighed 0.1504 grams
·         Has a “black” side and a “red side.”
5. Analysis:
By: Frontier Analysis Ltd.
Methods: Microscopic examination; infrared spectroscopy.
6. Conclusions:
·         Previous SEM-EDS analysis detected Al, Si, Mg, Ca, Fe and Ti. Ti only on “red side’
·         Very brittle
·         Composed of an epoxy resin ester based on bisphenol-A with quartz filler. It has red paint on it.
·         Materials like these are used as insulating components for electrical and electronic industries
·         Elemental analysis results typical of elements in dirt/soil.
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Technical service response number UT084. Frontier Analysis Ltd. P A Budinger dated 7 July 2014.

1. Location: Abbiate Guazzone, Italy.
2. Date: 24 April 1950.
3. Link: Bruno Focchim reported seeing a UAP and entities. Next day he found a few pieces of metal at the site.
4. Sample description:
Three pieces of shiny metal.
5. Analysis:
By: Unknown.
Methods: Not stated.
·         Shiny metal
·         Granulous surface
·         Yellow-white colour
·         Weight 1.64 grams
·         74.33% Copper; 19.38% tin; 4.92% lead. Traces of antimony; zinc; nickel; iron; silver; aluminium
·         “It is very probable that the fragments presented to us for examination come from a packing bed of a bearing that has had very heavy wear.”
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Good, T. 1999. “Alien Base.” Harper Perenial. NY.   Citing “Examination of some metallic fragments attributed to a flying saucer.” Report no ISML N530954/4157. Instituo Sperimentale dei Metalli Leggeri, Novara, 30 September 1953.

                1. Location: Washington, DC, USA.
2. Date: 1952.
3. Link: Journalist Frank Edwards, reported an object fell to the ground when a Navy pilot chased a flying disc. Object was recovered an hour later.
4. Sample description:
·         Metallic fragment
·         One inch in size
·         Remarkably hard.
5. Analysis:
By: Mr Wilbert Smith
Conclusions: Matrix of magnesium orthosilicate composed of particles of 15 microns
No other analysis known.
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Edwards, F. 1966. “Flying Saucers Serious Business.” New York. Bantam. Cited in Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of unidentified aerial objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 12, number 3, pp357-375.

1. Location: USA.
2. Date: 1952.
3. Link: CIA had custody of a strange piece of metal which fell from the sky during the 1952 UFO flap.
4. Sample description:
·         Piece of metal
·         Smooth on one side, bubbly on the other.
5. Analysis:
National Bureau of Standards – an “uncommon alloy.”
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Vallee, J. 2017. “Forbidden Science – Volume three.” Anomalist Books, San Antonio, Texas. p432, citing interview between Vallee and Arthur Lundahl.

1. Location: Campinas, Brazil.
2. Date: 14 (13th?) December 1954.
3. Link: Journalist Frank Edwards – numerous witnesses saw three discs. One wobbled and descended. Emitted thin stream of silvery liquid.
4. Sample description: None given.
5. Analysis:
By: Dr Risvaldo Maffei - Unnamed Brazilian laboratory.
Conclusions: Tin was the main component. 10% of material composed of other substances.
The above information from Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of unidentified aerial objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 12, number 3, pp357-375.
The information below from Maney, C A. “The Campinas sighting.” FSR Volume 8, number 3 pp 3-6. (May/Jun 1962.) Cites date as 13 December 1954.
3. Link: A woman saw three objects in the sky. One object, round-shaped, dull-grey in colour, like two plates inverted and stuck together. A liquid dropped from it. She went to spot and found a brilliant stain 10cm in diameter on concrete. Her friend Prof. Benedito G Nascimento collected the sample and took it to a chemist.
5. Analyses:
a. By: Young Laboratories – Chief chemist Dr Visvaldo Maffei.
·         88.91% tin
·         11.09% oxygen
·         No other trace elements
·         Weight was 1.30 grams.
b. By: Brazilian Air Force.
Conclusions: Results of their tests not released. However, “I was informed that exhaustive tests performed by the Air Force chemists only confirmed the results obtained by Dr Maffei.”
6. Image: Yes, in FSR
7. References:
1. Maney, C A. “The Campinas sighting.” FSR Volume 8, number 3 pp 3-6. (May/Jun 1962.)
2. Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of unidentified aerial objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 12, number 3, pp357-375.

1. Location: Vaddo Island, 90 kms NNW of Stockholm, Sweden.
2. Date: 17 November 1956.
3. Link: Stig Ekberg and Harry Sjoberg sighted an 8m by 3m flattened sphere which approached to within 100m of them and 1m off ground. They found a shiny rock at the landing site.
4. Sample description:
·         Shiny rock
·         Originally hot to touch
·         Three sided piece of metal – size of a matchbox
·         Heavy.
5. Analysis:
By: SAAB airline manufacturing company. Mr Sven Schalh. Also laboratories in Sweden, Denmark and Germany.
Conclusions: Composed of tungsten carbide and cobalt consistent with manufactured products.
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Von Luidwiger, I. “Investigating Mysteries.” Unpublished book manuscript. Personal communication, courtesy of NIDS. Cited in Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of unidentified aerial objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 12, number 3, pp357-375.

1. Location: Maumee, Ohio, USA.
2. Date: 13 July 1967.
3. Link: Collision between a car and an unidentified light. The driver later reported finding two metal samples in the middle of the road and “fibrous” material on the car. (Vallee.)
Robert Richardson reported collision between his car and a brilliant blue-white light (8ft tall and 22 foot wide) which blocked the road forcing them to break, before hitting it. (APROB.)
4. Sample description: Two metal samples plus “fibrous metal.” (Vallee.) Two metal pieces found on road and “odd strip of material” on the car’s bumper bar. (APROB.)
5. Analysis:
By: Not stated.
Fibrous sample was 92% magnesium. (Vallee.)
6. Image: No.
7. References:
1. APROB Jul/Aug 1967, pp1, 3.
2. Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of unidentified aerial objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 12, number 3, pp357-375.

1. Location: Kiana, Alaska, USA.
            2. Date: Early 1970’s.
3. Link: An Eskimo is reported to have found two pieces of material on a river bank following an aerial phenomenon. Professor Peter Sturrock acquired one piece.
4. Sample description:
·         Silvery
·         Light weight
·         Looks as if poured from a source close to the ground.
5. Analysis: Details unstated.
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of unidentified aerial objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 12, number 3, pp357-375. Citing personal communication to the author. Quoted with permission.

1. Location: Barborton, Ohio, USA.
2. Date: July 1972.
3. Link: Edward Lunguy saw a hovering orange ball of light in the sky. Stationary at first, it moved north-east then all of a sudden blew up silently. Three weeks later while mowing his mother’s lawn he found an object. Two years later his wife suggested it be tested.
4. Sample description:
·         Black, shiny, roughly oblong
·         13 pound in weight
·         13 x 9 x 4 inches in size.
5. Analyses:
(A) By: Robert Oldrieve (worked at NASA) – September 1974.
Methods: Spectroscopic diffraction tests.
·         Hardness 7/10
·         Insoluble in acids
·         Had characteristics of type of lass being researched by NASA for use as rocker liners or heat shields
·         Melted at very high temperatures.
(B) By: David Burns – August 1974, Assistant professor of Geology, Kent State University.
Thoughts: Volcanic rock?
6. Image: Yes.
7. References:
1. ERA, Bradford, Pennsylvania, 25 December 1978.
2. Schwarthberg, R. “The day black glass fell from the sky.” “Beyond Reality” Magazine, December 1979. pp34-35 & 58.

1. Location: Bogota, Columbia.
2. Date: 1975 or 1976.
3. Link: Two students heard a metallic sound overhead. Twelve foot disc in air. Four other objects appeared. Spouts of liquid from original disc. Objects left. After letting material cool for 10 minutes witnesses recovered two metal chunks.
4. Sample description:
·         Two metal chunks
·         4 inch by 1.25 inch thick
·         One side showed evidence of violent bubbling. Other side was flat.
5. Analyses:
(A) By: Mechanical engineering petroleum company, Central America.
Conclusions: Aluminum alloy with magnesium and tin. Non-magnetic. Contained traces of unidentified material. Easy to cut – presented very fine granulation.
(B) By: Valle, J and Puthoff, H.
Method: Scanning electron microscopy.
Conclusions: 93.7% aluminium; 4.8% phosphorous; 0.9% iron; with traces of sulphur and an unexplained oxy-carbide layer. No fluoride and no water contrary to most aluminium samples.
Also used scanning ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS). Found surface layer of carbon, oxygen and nitrogen, beyond this aluminium and magnesium with potassium, sulphur, sodium and silicon. Trace amounts of phosphorous and iron.
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of unidentified aerial objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 12, number 3, pp357-375.
In Vallee, J. 2014. “Confrontations.” Anomalist Books.  Pp42-45, Vallee states he was given the sample on 18 October 1985 and that the specimen was “subjected to extensive test at the University of Texas. The major component was aluminium, which had clearly been exposed to extremes of temperature.”

1. Location: Council Bluffs, Iowa, USA.
2. Date: 17 December 1977.
3. Link: Two residents reported seeing an object which crashed to the ground in the vicinity of a park. A bright flash was seen plus flames 7-10 feet high. Witnesses then found a large area covered with a mass of molten metal that glowed re/orange. Police and firefighters arrived within minutes. Two independent witnesses saw hovering red light.
4. Sample description: originally molten mass running over ground in a 6 feet x 4 feet area. Secondary patch was 2 feet by 4 feet.
5. Analysis:
By: Iowa State University and Griffin Pipes Product Company.
Methods: X ray fluorescence; electron beam microprobe; emission microscopy techniques.
“The material is chiefly iron with very small amounts (less than 1%) of alloying materials such as nickel and chromium. The slag is a foam material containing metallic iron and aluminium with smaller amounts of magnesium, silicon and titanium.” The white ash was found to be calcium with some magnesium.
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of unidentified aerial objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 12, number 3, pp357-375.
Vallee in 1997 stated “Origin remains unknown.” Not a meteorite. No local firms in operation which could have produced it. Not a hoax. Not a piece of equipment from an aircraft.

1. Location: Jopala, near Puebla, Mexico.
2. Date: 1978.
3. Link: Vallee was in Mexico in November 1978 and local authorities told him of a fall and recovery of a metallic residue following the observation of an unknown aerial phenomena in the mountains near Puebla.
4. Sample description: Metallic residue.
5. Analysis:
“Reportedly composed of iron with silicon (1.13%) and traces of magnesium (0.8%); chromium (0.77%) and carbon (0.28%.)
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Vallee, J F. “Physical analyses in ten cases of unidentified aerial objects with material samples.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 12, number 3, pp357-375.
                Has the date of the “crash” as 29 July 1977.

1. Location: Rendlesham Forest, England.
2. Date: 1980.
3. Link: No knowledge of this particular sample or how collected. Sent by Bennie Foggin.
4. Sample description: Collection of relatively fine shavings on the order of 1mm.
5. Analysis:
By: Not stated.
Methods: scanning electron microscope; energy dispersive spectroscopy.
·         Si 19.47% suggesting this alloy might have been used for casting
·         Fe content typical level for trace impurity
·         Mg and Cu levels likely due to addition but could be impurities
·         “Overall we can say that this metal alloy does not represent a common aluminium alloy. The high silicon content suggests this material was used to generate a casting, as high silicon is often used to accomplish this (series 4000.)
6. Image: No.
7. References:

1. Location: Rendlesham Forest, England.
2. Date: 1980.
3. Link: In a YouTube video at Reserve Captain Lori Rehfeldt provides her recollections of a promotions ceremony where she spoke to a General Edmonson. She asked him about Rendlesham UFO case. Then another man present, an electrical engineer USAF, said he couldn’t help but overhear. He mentioned a plastic material being found which has now been refined. It was a “wad” or “stick.”
4. Sample description: “Plastic “wad” or “stick.”
5. Analysis:
By: Not stated.
Conclusion: Man said it was “not indigenous to the Earth.”
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:

1. Location: Rendlesham Forest, England.
            2. Date: 1980.
3. Link: Material given to Ronnie Dugdale. Now held by John Hanson. Sample said to have been sent to USA for analysis.
4. Sample description:
Chunk of silver metal.
5. Analysis: Not reported.
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:

1. Location: Colorado/Nevada border, USA.
2. Date: 1985. (Some references say 1987.)
3. Link: Bob White and friend were driving to Las Vegas. Large bright UAP seen. Flew into sky joined larger UAP. Glowing rang ember fell to the ground. Went to that place found a tear drop shaped metal, very hot at first.
4. Sample description:
·         Tear shaped blob of light metal
·         8 inches long 2 inches across at the broad end
·         Weighed less than 2 pounds.
5. Analyses:
(A) By: New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. 1996. For NIDS.
Methods: x-ray fluorescence; electron microscope.
·         Finger shaped piece of metal, about 30mm long; 7mm  thick; 18mm wide at larger end and 10mm wide at smallest end
·         Interior was silver-white, highly reflective
·         Mass 5.11524 grams
·         X-ray – 85%Al by weight; 9% Silicon; 2% Iron; 0.9%Ca; 0.7%Cl; 0.6%Na.
·         Similar composition to 360 aluminum casting alloy
·         Electron microscope – uniform microstructure
·         Density 2.47g/cm3
·         Hardness typical for aluminium alloys
·         There were no anomalies in the results.
(B) By: Dr Robert Gibbons – 2003 – former NASA scientist.
Conclusions: Isotopic ratios – May 1999 – La Jolla, California showed ratio of isotopes of strontium was 0.712.
(C) Comments by Chris Ellis, solid state physicist, on a video “We found that the object is an aluminium alloy of unknown origin.”
6.       Image: Yes.
7.       References:
1.       “Bob White case UFO object UFO Hunters.” UFO Hunters series 3 episode 7 (“UFO relics.”) Aired 6 May 2009 (NY History Channel.)
2.       Linse, P and Harrison E. “Bob White’s great artifact mystery solved.” Skeptics Oct 12 2011
Article by Linse, P and Harrison E. “Bob White’s great artifact mystery solved.” Skeptics Oct 12 2011
This article concluded that the object was “made of accreted grinding residue. It forms in a manner similar to a common stalagmite when metal castings are cleaned in large stationary grindings.”

1. Location: Shikmona Beach, South of Haifa, Israel
2. 28 September 1987.
3. Link: A 27 year old mechanic saw a disc shape hovering over the beach. It emitted a red flash then disappeared. Two days later at the site he noted that “the sand contained a display in the image of the ufo.”
4. Sample description:
·         “a display in the image of the ufo.”
·         “the display material appears to melt at a very low temperature, ca.50 degree C.”
5. Analysis:
By: Frontier Analysis Ltd.
Methods: Infrared spectroscopy; (an ESD elemental analysis was performed by another laboratory.)
·         EDS – rust greater than 50% by weight; paraffin wax was 20-35% by weight; lubricant base oil 14-15% by weight
·         “The only known source of this material is from a refinery”
·         The rust indicates some kind of rusted container or pipeline
·         “This material is a toxic waste dump that coincidentally was present on the beach.”
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Technical service response number UT009. Frontier Analysis Ltd. P A Budinger, dated 25 September 2000.

1. Location: 40 miles east of Columbus, Ohio USA (south-east of Newark)
2. Date: Summer 1995 (Ref 1) 1996 (Ref 2.)
3. Link: Bennie Foggin heard a noise like “metal grinding on metal.” Couldn’t see anything. Looked again and then saw a very square looking, silent UAP in the sky. 300ft long with a 100ft wing. Travelled west to east. As he watched it he heard something hit the ground near him. He had a look around the area and found a specimen – off the road in moist, dirt area. The sample was misplaced till around 2006.
            4. Sample description:
·         Spear head shape about one inch long by half inch wide at non spear head end
·         Density about 2.8g/cc3 (within normally range for aluminium alloys.)
5. Analyses:
(A) By: Unnamed party.
Bennie Foggin in early 2006 gave it to Joe Stets in Columbus. Unnamed party at his work conducted an informal analysis
Methods: Unknown.
Conclusions: 89.1% aluminium; 9.9% silicon; 0.8% iron; 0.2% Mg.
(B) By: US Diagnostics – June 2007.
Methods: X -ray
Conclusions: Primarily homogenous internal structure with some small (less than 1mm) spots or specks likely to be bubbles.
(C) By: Unnamed – June 2008
Methods: SEM and EDS work
·         “bottom of the blob “ 15mm diameter faint berry red stain
·         Pink stain contains oxidised pieces of Al, Si, Ca, Na, P, Mg and S
·         Metal blob that appears to have solidified in an unconfirmed manner from a molten state
·         Not exotic or unearthly.
(D) By: Frontier Analysis Ltd.
Methods: Infrared spectroscopy; energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy; Geiger counter.
·         No radioactivity beyond normal background
·         Sample is an aluminium alloy
·         High purity alloy with only silicon detected
·         Category wrought 400 type alloy commonly used in welding wire and as cladding for brazing sheets
·         Could have resulted from a broken weld.
6. Image: Yes.
7. References:
1. Technical service response number UT050. Frontier Analysis Ltd. P A Budinger dated 14 April 2007.
2. Reiter, N A and Mason P. ”Two cases of unusual sky-fall aluminium metal from Ohio.”

1. Location: Nevada, USA.
2. Date: 1996.
3. Link: NIDS investigation. Ejected material.
4. Sample description: No sample available.
5. Analysis:
Al; with Si; C; Mg and Ca.
6. Image: No.
7. Reference:
Vallee, J. “What do we know about the material composition of UFOs?” Talk at “Contact In the Desert.”2017.

1. Location: Needles, California, USA.
2. Date: 2008.
3. Link: Emmett Hayes, UFO researcher and podcaster used a metal detector to find samples.
4. Sample description:
·         Thin metal
·         Appeared aluminium in nature.
5. Analysis:
Not yet undertaken.
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Punk rock and UFOs blog, 8 November 2018 at
George Knapp reported that he had interviewed witnesses who told him that an object seemed to come down from the sky and “crash,” and that within 20 minutes five helicopters turned up and a Skycrane took an object away.
provides further reports from Knapp. Possibility of a UAV.

1. Location: Newtown, Pennsylvania, USA.
2. Date: 21 January 2014.
3. Link: MUFON case number 55131. A witness reported a “vortex in the sky” from which shiny, particles fell onto the ground. Submitted by Donna Luther MUFON SSD/FI Pennsylvania.
4. Sample description:
Shiny particles
5. Analysis:
By: Frontier Analysis Ltd.
Methods: Infrared analysis; microscopic analysis.
·         Identified as common glitter
·         Hexagon pieces about one mm wide
·         Common polyester
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Technical service response number UT083. Frontier Analysis Ltd. P A Budinger dated 10 June 2014.

1. Location: Claymont, Delaware, USA.
2. Date: 29 June 2014.
3. Link: MUFON case 57833. Multiple orange-red UAP up to 24 in number. Silent and floated irregularly. Moved of silently. One object dropped something that “burnt wildly down to the ground.” Residual fragment found. Submitted by Dave Segal, MUFON FI-PA and DE. Received by frontier Analysis ltd on 21 July 2014.
4. Sample description:
·         Two pieces. One was four cm by two cm; other irregular shape three cm wide at widest point
·         Weighed 0.78 grams.
5. Analysis:
By: Frontier Analysis Ltd.
Methods: Infrared spectroscopy; microscopic examination.
·         Greater than 50 % of palmitic acid, dispersed in fine glass fibres
·         Trace amounts of quartz and an unidentified ester-type impurity
·         Fragment has the appearance of insulation. However, presence of palmitic acid is unusual.
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Technical service response number UT087. Frontier Analysis Ltd. P A Budinger dated 26 September 2014.
1. Location: Not given. Named as Sierra” case.
2. Date: Withheld by Vallee.
3. Link: Not given by Vallee.
4. Sample description: Two samples.
5. Analysis:
Sierra 1
99.38% titanium by weight. Al 4020ppm; Sc 755 ppm; Fe 561ppm; Mg 321ppm; V 202ppm; Cr 197 ppm; Mn 131 ppm; Ni 137 ppm; Ca 73ppm; K 16 ppm.
Ti46 – Standard is 8.25% sample is 8.7 and 7.66.
Ti47 – Standard is 7.44 sample is 5.33 and 3.83.
Ti48 – Standard is 73.72 sample is 73.91 nd 76.56
Ti49 – Standard is 5.41 sample is 5.76 and 5.26.
Sierra 2
Iron 98.35% by weight; Mn 8543 ppm; Cr 3500 ppm; Cu 2032 ppm; NI 613 ppm; Sc 592 ppm; Co 94 ppm; Zn 76 ppm; Al 63 ppm; Ca 10 ppm; V 7 ppm.
Isotopes yet to be done.
6. Image: Yes.
7. Reference:
Vallee, J. “What do we know about the material composition of UFOs?” Talk at “Contact In the Desert.”2017.

The following case is frequented cited in the UFO literature as a fragment. However, there was no visual UAP sighting associated with the case.
1. Location: Tiffin, Ohio, USA.
2. Date: 2003.
3. Link” No UAP. “Ed” found a piece of metal in his side yard when raking up leaves. Apparently been there since winter.
4. Sample description:
·         Irregular shaped metal “blob”
·         Six inch by two point five inch by half inch thick (maximum.)
5. Analyses:
(A) By: Reiter – 2003
Scanning electron microscope. EDS. Geiger counter.
·         EDS – primarily aluminium, traces of carbon and silicon
·         Density right for appropriate mass weight
·         Not noticeably radioactive.
(B) By: Dr Ayengar via frontier Analysis Ltd.
Methods: EDS analysis.
·         Impure alloy of aluminium (76.5%) containing a small amount of silicon (24%), 10/1% carbon, 2.4% iron; 8.2% oxygen; 0.2%calcium
·         Metal blob that appears to have solidified in an unconfirmed manner from a molten state
·         Not exotic or unearthly.
(C) By: Olson, Martins, Topolski – 19 July 2015. From Bennie Foggin labelled “Ohio Ed’s metal sample.” Sample was less than one cubic centimetre.
Methods: scanning electron microscope; energy dispersive spectroscopy.
·         Fairly simple composition
·         Specimen not composed of a common alloy
·         Ag and Mg appear artificially added – whereas Si and Fe content likely impurities.
6. Image: No.
7. References:
2. Reiter, NA and Mason P. “Two cases of unusual sky-fall aluminium metal from Ohio.”

Update as at 28 November 2018.

Following the welcome imput from a number of researchers, I am in the process of preparing version 2.2 of the catalogue. 

Project Galileo

Project Galileo Or to give it its full name, "The Galileo project for the Systematic Scientific Search for Evidence of Extraterrestrial...